The Town of Samguk Yusa Gunwi !
History of Religions
- Major Tourist Sites
- History of Religions
- Second Seokguram Grotto
- The Grotto of the Amitabha Buddha Triad is enshrined in the round, natural cave that is 20 m high along the gigantic rock cliff that was formed by ridges stretching from the Birobong Peak of Palgongsan Mountain. Together with the grotto, the area features a splendid view that makes it a famous tourist destination.
- Grotto of Amitabha Buddha Triad
- This grotto is enshrined in the natural stiff cliff cave that is 20 m above ground in the northern foot of the Yeonbong Peak of Palgongsan Mountain. The entrance to the cave is 4.25 m high, and it is 4.3 m deep. The floor is a flat square, while the ceiling is formed like a sky dome, with the center being the highest peak and the surroundings are gradually lower. The grotto temple, which was erected in a natural cave during the early Silla period, is known as the antecedent of the Seokguram Grotto, which was erected in the Tohamsan Mountain in Gyeongju in the mid-8th century. Thus, it has an important position in the grotto temple history of Korea.
- Ingaksa Temple
- Ingaksa Temple was erected by the Buddhist priest Uisang in 642 (the 11th year of Queen Seondeok’s reign of Silla), underwent a major reconstruction upon the king’s order during the 10th year of King Chungryeol’s reign of Goryeo, and was designated as the dwelling place of the great Buddhist priest Il-yeon along with the granting of land. In this temple, he wrote about 100 Buddhist books, including Samguk Yusa, and held Gusanmundohoe, the general assembly of Nine Mountain Buddhist Schools, twice. The temple was renovated during the reign of King Sukjong of Joseon, and was expanded by Euheung governor, Park Seong-han, during the 25th year of King Sukjong’s reign. The premises feature the Bogukguksa Pagoda and monument with the penmanship of the great Chinese calligrapher, Wang Xizhi, as designated treasures, and the temple’s surroundings have been designated as Historical Site No. 374. The temple also bears Buddha images and a sarira stupa.
- Hwasansanseong Fortress
- The Hwaseong Fortress was erected by Cavalry General Yun Suk in 1709 (the 35th year of King Sukjong’s reign of Joseon) in preparation for wars. The then-military logistics temple has stood still. The beautiful, half-moon-shaped arch gate and floodgate look magnificent. The Okjeongyeongwon Fountain, located inside the fortress, flows from a rock hole with a diameter of 5 m. It does not freeze over even during the cold winter, and it cools at under 10℃ in the summer.